DSP Full Form | Deputy Superintendent of Police | New Updates 2021
The full form of the acronym DSP stands for Deputy Superintendent of Police, a senior rank in the police department in India and many other countries. In some states in India, this rank is also known as Assistant Commissioner of Police which is more commonly known by its initials ACP.
In different Indian states now, the rank of DSP is either filled through promotion from the rank of Inspector of Police or recruited directly through competitive examinations. Those entering through competitive examinations are trained from the scratch before deputation in the job.
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Duty Areas of a DSP
A DSP in a state has wide powers applicable in their respective duty areas. A DSP is posted as the Circle Officer in a district. In the states like Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan, the rank of DSP is also known as Circle Officer. A DSP in West Bengal is put in charge of a Sub-Division and also called by its another name Sub-Divisional Police Officer (SDPO).
One of the duties of a DSP is to direct the state police officers and supervise their works and/or carry out investigations in different sorts of criminal cases. He or she, as DSP, will lead the team in police raids, encounters, and in investigations.
The official police insignia for the post of DSP is a National Symbol on the strap of the shoulder and a star above it. A DSP can be elevated to the rank of Indian Police Service subject to his or her performance.
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The rank of DSP was created by the erstwhile British Government in the year 1876. It is thus a 145-year-old rank in the Indian police department. At that time, the equivalent post of Assistant Superintendent was held only by the British while the rank of DSP was held by the Indians only.
Both men and women can be DSPs at their respective states attached to a particular police station. The position of DSP is offered to individuals based on their career track record and hierarchy in the job as police personnel. After DSP, one can get promoted to SP, SSP, IG and other posts as per rules.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)
When did the rank of DSP begin in India?
Answer: It was in the year 1876 when the then British Government in India introduced this rank in the police department. This is one of the oldest ranks in Indian police covering 145 year in 2021. During the British time, this rank of DSP was held exclusively by Indians while the rank of Assistant Superintendent was held only by the British.
What are the eligibility criteria for the post of DSP for those aiming to enter directly?
Answer: The eligibility criteria for being selected as a DSP through competitive examination are:
- Must be an Indian citizens
- Musts hold a Bachelor’s Degree in any stream
- Must be between the ages of 21 to 38 years
- Must have a minimum physical height of 168 cm (5 ft 6 in) for men and 155 cm (5 ft 1 in) for women
- Must have chest size of 84 cm (33 in) in normal condition and 5 cm (2 in) when extended.
What is the process of selection to the rank of DSP?
Answer: For direct recruitment, the candidate has to sit in the State level test carried out by the State Public Service Commission. The candidates who pass through the following stages:
- Preliminary Written Examination
- Final or Main Written Examination
- PET (Physical efficiency test)
- Medical test and interview