RAID 10 vs. RAID 5: Key Differences You Should Know

RAID 10 vs. RAID 5: Key Differences You Should Know

RAID stands for Redundant Array of Independent Disks. It is a system through which you can store information on hard disks to improve its performance. Using RAID technology, you can get improved data storage processing and enhanced speed. 

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RAID levels are measured within the range of 0–10. You can also use its other variations depending upon the purpose. 

What is RAID 10?

As stated above, RAID comes with a specific number denoting its level. Similarly, RAID 10 is an enhanced level of data storage processing, which has the benefits of both RAID 1 and RAID 0.

Thus, we get the equation;

RAID 10 = RAID 01 + RAID 00

In RAID 1, data is duplicated to expedite its fault tolerance level. And in RAID 0 the volume of data is spread over several disks for enhanced performance. 

In RAID 10, you get the dual efficacy of RAID 1 and RAI 0. It makes it one of the most powerful RAID levels in the system. RAID 10 is fully capable of mirroring and striping data as per need. It is reliable but requires more physical disks. 

In technology, a mirror refers to a process of how data is written to HDDs. If one disk fails, a mirror image can be used to restore the data from the failed disk. Striping means how data are divided before getting stored in the system. 

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Features of RAID 10

  • It improves efficacy.
  • It makes the process faster.
  • It offers outstanding data security.
  • No scope for losing any data.
  • You can’t use its 100% capacity.

Advantages and Disadvantages of RAID 10


  • It works at a lightning-fast speed
  • Hackers can’t steal your data
  • Data mirroring and striping go simultaneously
  • Overall, it expedites the entire process


  • It is much more expensive.
  • Not suitable for individuals and small-scale businesses.
  • You can use only up to 50% of its storage limit.

What is RAID 5?

RAID 5 is another configuration popularly used in the data storage system. It uses data striping through which it can reconfigure data that are lost due to a disk failure. It makes use of the existing storage facility more effectively.

In RAID 5, any data is equally divided into all disks. Here you need just 3 disks for it.

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Features of RAID 5

  • It is relatively cheaper than RAID 10. 
  • It has a faster processing speed.
  • It balances various technical processes like fault tolerance and high performance.
  • It is relatively more complex to get it used and processed.

Advantages and Disadvantages of RAID 10


  • It is the most inexpensive RAID level as compared to others.
  • It efficiently processes data striping and thus, offers fast reads.
  • It’s the most effective system for data storage processing
  • Using RAID 5, you can easily balance fault tolerance and get key performances.


  • It takes a lot of time to get your data processed.
  • It is a relatively complex process to implement at the office or small business.
  • The data writing performance is also slow.

RAID 10 vs. RAID 5: Which is better?

When it comes to technology, nothing is concrete or permanent. On some grounds, RAID 5 may be better than RAID 10 and vice versa. To be honest, each RAID level has its own merits and demerits. 

It completely depends upon what suits you most. Usually, how each RAID level restructures data is essential to understanding which one you should opt for. 

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Factors to Determine Which RAID Level Is Best for You

1. Backup Facility

RAID 5 is the best when it comes to efficient backup and storage systems. It offers a good quality backup solution. 

2. Application servers

Choose RAID 5 as it has the best file and application servers having a limited number of drivers. It balances storage, performance, and security. 

3. Budget and Cost-Effectiveness

If you are looking for an affordable solution, RAID 5 will be the best for you. With just three disks, you get all relevant data storage solutions.

4. Read and Write Operations

If your sole aim is enhanced read or writer operations, choose RAID 10. It expedites the reading performance which is equal to three times the speed of RAID 5.

5. The Complexity Involved

When you need a simple RAID level, RAID 10 can be your best bet. But RAID 5 is relatively more complex to handle. By combining RAID 0 and RAID 01, you can derive plenty of benefits. 

6. Data Protection

Since disc prices are falling, it is now less expensive than ever to add incremental storage capacity, whether you are upgrading your motherboard’s disc controller to support RAID 10 or adding extra discs to support your RAID 10 array.

RAID 10 needs to be configured, but it’s simple and just takes a few minutes. Install routines that guide you through the process are included in the system or disc controller software.

7. Servers for files and applications
For file and application servers with a constrained number of drivers, RAID 5 is your best option since it strikes a reasonable mix between storage, performance, security, and failure resistance.

8. Put read/write operations first.
RAID 10 is the best option when you have applications that need quick read/write operations because it doesn’t maintain parity, so no checks are required. In fact, RAID 10 performs read operations twice as quickly as RAID 5.

9. Disc Failure:
If your setup allows for the failure of two or more discs, RAID 5 is the best option because RAID 10 cannot recover data when two or more drives fail simultaneously. Even if there is very little risk that several discs would fail at once, it is still something to think about.

However, RAID 10 recovers data more quickly when a single disc fails, thus read and write operations are unaffected, in contrast to RAID 5, which requires lengthy parity checks. The Uncorrectable Read Error (URE) in RAID 5 also results in permanent data loss.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Is RAID 10 faster than RAID 5?

If your primary requirement is the speedy execution of the data storage system, RAID 10 is the best. It is the fastest RAID level.

Which RAID is best for reading performance?


Which RAID is most reliable?


Can you use RAID with SSD and HDD?

Combining RAID with SSD and HDD is not a good idea. The very purpose of RAID is to improve the overall performance of the data storage processing work. It also helps you use multiple disks.

If you use RAID with SSD and HDD, it may lead to hardware corruption, storage imbalance, and maintenance problems. 

In Conclusion

You must use RAID to improve the efficacy of your data storage processing system. And you must not use HDD and SDD with it. Overall, if you have to use anyone RAID level, you should opt for RAID 10. Though it is costly, overall, it is more efficient and reliable. Let us inform if you think otherwise with your valid comments and feedback.


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