SG: Full Form | Singapore Acronym | Latest Update — 2021 | New Information
The abbreviation SG is used to refer to Singapore or the official name of the Republic of Singapore by which it is known. This is an island country and city-state in Southeast Asia which is a major stopover or port in the international maritime trade.
Singapore is located very near to the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bordering the Straits of Malacca to the west, the Riau Islands (Indonesia) to the south, and the South China Sea to the east.
Singapore follows a unitary parliamentary republic system like the Westminster system of unicameral parliamentary government of the UK. Singapore is one of the five founding members of ASEAN and is the headquarters of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Secretariat.
Origin of Meaning of Singapore
The word Singapore has its origin in the Sanskrit word Singapura which means the “lion city”. The word Simha means “lion” Pura means “city” or “fortress” in Sanskrit.
Singapore has strong ancient Hindu-Buddhist marks of civilization, tradition, and culture. It is believed it was earlier known by different names with Temasek being one of them.
Temasek was changed or rechristened as Singhapura and subsequently to Singapore over the years. According to the Malayan semi-historical tradition, a king by the name Sang Nila Utama, a 13th-century Srivijayan Raja from Palembang, made its capital after he saw a strange lion-like animal here.
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Founding of Modern Singapore
In 1819, the modern Singapore that we have today was founded by Sir Stamford Raffles as a trading post of the British Empire. In 1867, Singapore came under the direct control of Britain as part of the Straits Settlements.
In 1942 during the pendency of World War II, Singapore was occupied by Japan. But in 1945, Japan surrendered following its defeat in World War II. Singapore again fell back in the hand of the British.
It gained self-governance in 1959. Today, it is a highly developed nation ranking 9th in the UN Human Development Index with a high degree of success in such areas as education, healthcare, quality of life, personal safety, and housing. The home-ownership rate of Singapore is a strong 91%.
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Singapore comprises one Main Island and 63 satellite islands and islets. It is very important from the commercial angle and export-import operations of Southeast Asia. The landmass of Singapore grew over the years out of land reclamation from the sea.
Singapore perhaps is the only country in the world that has four official languages due to the presence of a multi-racial population. These four official languages are English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil. English is generally spoken, thus making it the lingua franca of Singapore.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) on Singapore
What is the origin of the name Singapore?
Answer: The word Singapore originated from the Sanskrit word Singapura which means the “lion city”. Singhapura was born out of the conjunction of two words: Simha means “lion” Pura means “city” or “fortress” in Sanskrit.
What is the geographical location of Singapore?
Answer: A Southeast Asian nation, Singapore is located very near to the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bordering the Straits of Malacca to the west, the Riau Islands (Indonesia) to the south, and the South China Sea to the east.
What is the official language of Singapore?
Answer: Singapore has four official languages which are English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil. The multiplicity of the official language necessitated the presence of a large number of multi-racial and linguistic populations in Singapore. English, however, is commonly spoken and understood, thus becoming the lingua franca of Singapore.